Virtual Machine Manager

The Virtual Machine Manager, through the virt-manager package, provides a graphical user interface (GUI) for managing local and remote virtual machines. In addition to the virt-manager utility itself, the package also contains a collection of other helpful tools like virt-install, virt-clone and virt-viewer.

Install virt-manager

To install virt-manager, enter:

sudo apt install virt-manager

Since virt-manager requires a Graphical User Interface (GUI) environment we recommend installing it on a workstation or test machine instead of a production server. To connect to the local libvirt service, enter:


You can connect to the libvirt service running on another host by entering the following in a terminal prompt:

virt-manager -c qemu+ssh://

The above example assumes that SSH connectivity between the management system and the target system has already been configured, and uses SSH keys for authentication. SSH keys are needed because libvirt sends the password prompt to another process. See our guide on OpenSSH for details on how to set up SSH keys.

Use virt-manager to manage guests

Guest lifecycle

When using virt-manager it is always important to know the context you’re looking at. The main window initially lists only the currently-defined guests. You’ll see their name, state (e.g., ‘Shutoff’ or ‘Running’) and a small chart showing the CPU usage.


In this context, there isn’t much to do except start/stop a guest. However, by double-clicking on a guest or by clicking the Open button at the top of the window, you can see the guest itself. For a running guest that includes the guest’s main-console/virtual-screen output.


If you are deeper in the guest configuration, clicking on “Show the graphical console” in the top left of the guest’s window will get you back to this output.

Guest modification

virt-manager provides a handy, GUI-assisted way to edit guest definitions. To do so, the per-guest context view will have “Show virtual hardware details” at the top of the guest window. Here, you can edit the virtual hardware of the guest, which will alter the guest representation behind the scenes.


The UI edit ability is limited to the features known to (and supported by) that GUI feature. Not only does libvirt grow features faster than virt-manager can keep up – adding every feature would also overload the UI and render it unusable.

To strike a balance between the two, there also is the XML view which can be reached via the “Edit libvirt XML” button.


By default, this will be read-only and you can see what the UI-driven actions have changed. You can allow read-write access in this view via the “Preferences”. This is the same content that the virsh edit of the libvirt-client exposes.

Virtual Machine Viewer (virt-viewer)

The Virtual Machine Viewer application, through virt-viewer, allows you to connect to a virtual machine’s console like virt-manager does, but reduced to the GUI functionality. virt-viewer requires a GUI to interface with the virtual machine.

Install virt-viewer

If virt-viewer is not already installed, you can install it from the terminal with the following command:

sudo apt install virt-viewer

Once a virtual machine is installed and running you can connect to the virtual machine’s console by using:

virt-viewer <guestname>

The UI will show a window representing the virtual screen of the guest, just like with virt-manager above, but without the extra buttons and features around it.


Similarly to virt-manager, virt-viewer can also connect to a remote host using SSH with key authentication:

virt-viewer -c qemu+ssh:// <guestname>

Be sure to replace web_devel with the appropriate virtual machine name.

If configured to use a bridged network interface you can also set up SSH access to the virtual machine.


virt-install is part of the virtinst package. It can help with installing classic ISO-based systems and provides a CLI for the most common options needed to do so.

Install virt-install

To install virt-install, if it is not installed already, run the following from a terminal prompt:

sudo apt install virtinst

There are several options available when using virt-install. For example:

virt-install \
 --name web_devel \
 --ram 8192 \
 --disk path=/home/doug/vm/web_devel.img,bus=virtio,size=50 \
 --cdrom focal-desktop-amd64.iso \
 --network network=default,model=virtio \
 --graphics vnc,listen= --noautoconsole --hvm --vcpus=4

There are many more arguments that can be found in the virt-install manpage. However, explaining those of the example above one by one:

  • --name web_devel
    The name of the new virtual machine will be web_devel.
  • --ram 8192
    Specifies the amount of memory the virtual machine will use (in megabytes).
  • --disk path=/home/doug/vm/web_devel.img,bus=virtio,size=50
    Indicates the path to the virtual disk which can be a file, partition, or logical volume. In this example a file named web_devel.img in the current user’s directory, with a size of 50 gigabytes, and using virtio for the disk bus. Depending on the disk path, virt-install may need to run with elevated privileges.
  • --cdrom focal-desktop-amd64.iso
    File to be used as a virtual CD-ROM. The file can be either an ISO file or the path to the host’s CD-ROM device.
  • --network
    Provides details related to the VM’s network interface. Here the default network is used, and the interface model is configured for virtio.
  • --graphics vnc,listen=
    Exports the guest’s virtual console using VNC and on all host interfaces. Typically servers have no GUI, so another GUI-based computer on the Local Area Network (LAN) can connect via VNC to complete the installation.
  • --noautoconsole
    Will not automatically connect to the virtual machine’s console.
  • --hvm : creates a fully virtualised guest.
  • --vcpus=4 : allocate 4 virtual CPUs.

After launching virt-install you can connect to the virtual machine’s console either locally using a GUI (if your server has a GUI), or via a remote VNC client from a GUI-based computer.


The virt-clone application can be used to copy one virtual machine to another. For example:

virt-clone --auto-clone --original focal

Options used:

  • --auto-clone
    To have virt-clone create guest names and disk paths on its own.
  • --original
    Name of the virtual machine to copy.

You can also use the -d or --debug option to help troubleshoot problems with virt-clone.

Replace focal with the appropriate virtual machine names for your case.

Please be aware that this is a full clone, therefore any sorts of secrets, keys and for example /etc/machine-id will be shared. This will cause issues with security and anything that needs to identify the machine like DHCP. You most likely want to edit those afterwards and de-duplicate them as needed.


Under the virt-install section, I deleted the --video=vmvga default video driver override because it currently doesn’t work for Ubuntu Server VM installation (works fine for Ubuntu desktop installation). It was only there because way back in 2013, the default driver didn’t work. For reference see this bug report.

Yes I’ve seen the bug fly by, thank you for the update Doug!

Text doesn’t match:
virt-viewer -c qemu+ssh://

Be sure to replace web_devel with the appropriate virtual machine name

I am completely new to Linux and Ubuntu.