We do not publish interim releases of Ubuntu on the Microsoft Store for WSL. But you can still get in on the Groovy Gorilla goodness of Ubuntu 20.10.
Interim releases like Ubuntu 20.10, code named Groovy Gorilla, have the latest packages and enhancements, and get support from Canonical for nine months.
With LTS releases, like Ubuntu 20.04, packages don’t change so much, they tend to have broader support among third-party developer tools, and get updates and security patches from Canonical for five years.
But you want to live on the cutting edge, I get it, and you don’t mind upgrading again in six months to the next interim release. So here are a couple ways to give Ubuntu 20.10 a spin on WSL.
What is an “LTS”, the difference between LTS and non-LTS, and what do all these version numbers mean anyways? We have you covered.
The two approaches you have for giving 20.10 a spin on WSL are:
- Upgrading your current installation
- Side-loading a build of 20.10 downloaded from cloud-images.ubuntu.com
I recommend you read though both methods and then decide which is best for you.
Upgrading your current installation
Upgrading is nice because you can keep using that awesome Ubuntu Start Menu tile and Taskbar button. But you can encounter issues with third-party repositories if you have added those. Always make a backup of your existing working installation. If in doubt, follow the side-load method below as a test, install the packages you need, and if everything checks out, then you can consider upgrading your working environment.
First, make a backup of your existing installation:
wsl.exe --export Ubuntu C:\ubuntu-backup.tar.gz
If the upgrade fails or, the more likely scenario, you run into an incompatibility with a third-party repo, then you can use the wsl.exe --import method below to overwrite your install with your working one.
Second, run all available upgrades for your existing installation:
sudo apt update sudo apt -y upgrade
Third, update your /etc/apt/sources.list file for 20.10, code-named Groovy Gorilla.
You can do this manually with nano:
sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list
and then replacing references to ‘focal’ with ‘groovy’ with Ctrl -
\, focal, groovy, A.
Or from the terminal using sed:
sudo sed --in-place 's/focal/groovy/g' /etc/apt/sources.list
If you have additional repos configured in /etc/apt/sources.list or /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ you may need to go manually tweak these for groovy. Note not all third-party repos will have added support for groovy and may not ever, see my note about LTS releases above. It is possible to leave those repos at focal but strange things can happen when mixing packages from different distros. You did make a backup, right? If you have not stop now and do so.
Finally, repeat running package updates to get all the latest good stuff:
sudo apt update sudo apt -y upgrade
As an alternative to editing /etc/apt/sources.list, you can tweak update-manager settings to support interim releases and use do-release-upgrade which will handle it all for you going forward, including future releases:
sudo sed --in-place 's/Prompt=lts/Prompt=normal/' /etc/update-manager/release-upgrades sudo do-release-upgrade
Download and manually import an image
It is possible to manually download and side-load rootfs images for WSL from outside of the Microsoft Store.
First, download a build of Ubuntu 20.10 for WSL:
aria2c -x 10 https://cloud-images.ubuntu.com/groovy/current/groovy-server-cloudimg-amd64-wsl.rootfs.tar.gz
On arm64 devices use:
aria2c -x 10 https://cloud-images.ubuntu.com/groovy/current/groovy-server-cloudimg-arm64-wsl.rootfs.tar.gz
Note the above uses
aria2c which I like for speeding up big downloads (and I think you will too) but you may need to install it
sudo apt -y install aria2 or you can simply substitute
Second, copy the rootfs to somewhere on your Windows partition, say the Downloads folder of your current Windows user:
cp groovy-server-cloudimg-amd64-wsl.rootfs.tar.gz $(wslpath "$(wslvar USERPROFILE)")/Downloads
Third, create a folder to store the unpacked rootfs:
mkdir -p $(wslpath "$(wslvar USERPROFILE)")/WSL/Groovy
Finally, import the rootfs:
cmd.exe /C "wsl.exe --import Ubuntu-20.10 %USERPROFILE%\WSL\Groovy %USERPROFILE%\Downloads\groovy-server-cloudimg-amd64-wsl.rootfs.tar.gz --version 2"
You can optionally set the WSL version to import as, either 1 or 2, with --version n. Without --version, WSL will import as your default. You can set your default with
wsl.exe --set-default 2. I keep both WSL 1 and 2 images and can never remember which is the default, so I just add --version n as a habit.
There is no Start Menu button for side-loaded WSL distros but they can be accessed with:
wsl.exe -d Ubuntu-20.10
and they will auto-populate in Windows Terminal after restarting WT:
When manually importing, you can then create a user and password:
Add to sudo group:
usermod -a -G sudo hayden
And set as your default user in WSL:
echo -e "[user]\ndefault=hayden" >> /etc/wsl.conf
When you exit and re-enter Ubuntu-20.10 you should join as hayden or the username you picked, though if you went with hayden I am flattered and you have excellent taste in usernames.