Installation

Basic installation

This chapter provides an overview of installing Ubuntu 20.04 Server Edition. There is more detailed documentation on other installer topics.

Preparing to Install

This section explains various aspects to consider before starting the installation.

System requirements

Ubuntu 20.04 Server Edition provides a common, minimalist base for a variety of server applications, such as file/print services, web hosting, email hosting, etc. This version supports four 64-bit architectures:

  • amd64 (Intel/AMD 64-bit)
  • arm64 (64-bit ARM)
  • ppc64el (POWER8 and POWER9)
  • s390x (IBM Z and LinuxONE)

The recommended system requirements are:

  • CPU: 1 gigahertz or better
  • RAM: 1 gigabyte or more
  • Disk: a minimum of 2.5 gigabytes

Server and Desktop Differences

The Ubuntu Server Edition and the Ubuntu Desktop Edition use the same apt repositories, making it just as easy to install a server application on the Desktop Edition as on the Server Edition.

One major difference is that the graphical environment used for the Desktop Edition is not installed for the Server. This includes the graphics server itself, the graphical utilities and applications, and the various user-supporting services needed by desktop users.

Backing Up

Before installing Ubuntu Server Edition you should make sure all data on the system is backed up.

If this is not the first time an operating system has been installed on your computer, it is likely you will need to re-partition your disk to make room for Ubuntu.

Any time you partition your disk, you should be prepared to lose everything on the disk should you make a mistake or something goes wrong during partitioning. The programs used in installation are quite reliable, most have seen years of use, but they also perform destructive actions.

Preparing install media

There are platform specific step-by-step examples for s390x LPAR, z/VM and ppc64el installations.

For amd64, download the install image from https://releases.ubuntu.com/20.04/.

There are many ways to boot the installer but the simplest and commonest way is to create a bootable USB stick to boot the system to be installed with (tutorials for other operating systems are also available).

Booting the installer

Plug the USB stick into the system to be installed and start it.

Most computers will automatically boot from USB or DVD, though in some cases this is disabled to improve boot times. If you don’t see the boot message and the “Welcome” screen which should appear after it, you will need to set your computer to boot from the install media.

There should be an on-screen message when the computer starts telling you what key to press for settings or a boot menu. Depending on the manufacturer, this could be Escape, F2,F10 or F12. Simply restart your computer and hold down this key until the boot menu appears, then select the drive with the Ubuntu install media.

If you are still having problems, check out the Ubuntu Community documentation on booting from
CD/DVD
.

After a few moments, the installer will start in its language selection screen.

Using the installer

The installer is designed to be easy to use and have sensible defaults so for a first install you can mostly just accept the defaults for the most straightforward install:

  • Choose your language
  • Update the installer (if offered)
  • Select your keyboard layout
  • Do not configure networking (the installer attempts to configure wired network interfaces via DHCP, but you can continue without networking if this fails)
  • Do not configure a proxy or custom mirror unless you have to in your network
  • For storage, leave “use an entire disk” checked, and choose a disk to install to, then select “Done” on the configuration screen and confirm the install
  • Enter a username, hostname and password
  • Just select Done on the SSH and snap screens
  • You will now see log messages as the install is completed
  • Select restart when this is complete, and log in using the username and password provided

There is more detailed documentation on all these options.

1 Like

Should we have screenshots to illustrate the installer screens?

Yes :slight_smile:

I don’t think we need to document every single selection, but can state what a page might look like and what you can do on that page at a high level.

@mwhudson where should the “There is more detailed documentation on all these options.” go? I think there is now a place where it should go.

I think I fixed that now?

ah no, missed one. thanks!